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中考英语句式转换模拟题

2009-05-31 15:55:27 来源:本站原创 文章作者:匿名

[标签:模拟题 英语]

1. Both the father and the son have seen the film. (改为否定句)

_______ the father _______ the son _______seen the film.

2. His uncle has already posted the photos to him. (改为否定句)

His uncle _______posted the photos to him _______.

3. Uncle Li likes making things. (改为否定句)

Uncle Li _______ _______ making things.

4. There’s something to eat in the cupboard. (改为一般疑问句)

_______there _______to eat in the cupboard?

5. He has a glass of milk and some bread for breakfast. (改为复数句)

They _______ three _______ of milk and some bread for breakfast.

6. The hospital is about 300 meters away. (就划线部分提问)

_______ _______ is the hospital?

7. This sign means cars and buses mustn’t turn right here. (就划线部分提问)

_______ _______ this sign mean?

8. Bruce visited the museum last Sunday morning. (就划线部分提问)

_______ _______ Bruce _______the museum?

9. Lanzhou is a beautiful city. (改为感叹句)

_______ _______ beautiful city Lanzhou is!

10. Didn’t they tell you about it? (改为被动语态)

_______ you _______ about it?

11. People there didn’t plant any trees last year. (变为被动语态)

_______ trees _______ _______ by people there last year.

12. They may plant fruit trees on the hill next spring. (改为被动语态)

Fruit trees may _______ _______ on the hill next spring.

13. Mr. Wang asked Lin Tao. Does he live in Guiyang? (改成含有宾语从句的复合句)

Mr. Wang asked Lin Tao _______he _______ in Guiyang.

14. Where does he live? I don’t know. (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

I don’t know _______ _______ _______.

15. She had nothing for breakfast. (改为反意疑问句)

She had nothing for breakfast, _______ _______?

16. Don’t forget to turn off the radio. (改为反意疑问句)

 Don’t forget to turn off the radio, _______ _______?

17. Li Lei does his homework at seven. (改为否定句)

Li Lei ________ ________ his homework at seven.

18. His sister had lunch at school yesterday. (改为一般疑问句)

_________ his sister _________ lunch at school yesterday?

19. It was windy yesterday. (对句子划线部分提问)

________ was the _________ like yesterday?

20. He likes the book. So does she. (改为简单句,使句意不变)

________ he _______ she ________ the book.

21. The box was so heavy that she couldn’t carry it. (改为简单句)

The box was ________ heavy ________ her ________ carry.

22. Where did they grow vegetables? (改为被动语态)

Where ________ vegetables ________ ?

【答案与解析】

1. 此题易误填 Both, and, haven’t。both与否定词连用时只能表示部分否定,这样一来both … and … 的否定形式应该为:neither … nor…。正确答案为:Neither, nor, has。

2. 这里的has是助动词,可以直接在其后加not构成否定,has not可以缩写为hasn’t。正确答案为:hasn’t, yet。

3. 句中的谓语动词likes是行为动词,其否定式要借用助动词do的适当形式(don’t, doesn’t, didn’t)构成。正确答案为:doesn’t like。

4. 当句中有be动词时把be动词提前到句首就可以构成一般疑问句,另外肯定句中的some, something, already在变成一般疑问句时应改为any, anything, yet。正确答案为:Is, any。

5. has的复数形式为have; glass的复数形式为glasses。正确答案为:have, glasses。

6. 划线部分是表示一段距离,那么应该是问“多远”。正确答案为:How far。

7. 划线部分是means的宾语,那么所问的是“什么意思”。正确答案为:What does。

8. 划线部分是时间状语,那么所问的是“什么时候”。正确答案为:When did, visit。

9. 与原句进行对比我们发现,感叹句中把a beautiful city提前了。正确答案为:What a。

10. 在改成被动语态时也要保持同样的句式。正确答案为:Weren’t, told。

11. 此题易误填 Any, weren’t planted。其实,正确答案为:No, weren’t planted。

12. 这是一个含有情态动词的句子,改成被动语态就成了含有情态动词的被动语态。正确答案为:be planted。

13. 此题易误填 does, live。既然是从句就得有引导词,这里含有“是否”之意,要用if / whether来引导。正确答案为:if / whether, lives。

14. 凡是从句都有用陈述语序(主语在前,谓语在后)。正确答案为:where he lives。

15. 当句中有no, never, nothing等否定词时后面的反意疑问句要肯定形式。句中的had意为“有”,不是助动词。正确答案为:did she。

16. 此题易误填 do you。其实,否定的祈使句的反意疑问句为:will you,表示一种请求。正确答案为:will you。

17. 此题的要求是改为否定句,原句是一般现在时,且主语是第三人称单数,句中的does是行为动词,所以第一空应填doesn’t;而第二空则把does还原成do。

18. 先弄清原句的时态,had和yesterday都可表明原句时态为一般过去时,所以改为一般疑问句时,须在主语前加助动词did,had还原成have。故正确答案为:Did, have

19. 句中的划线部分windy是一个表天气状况的形容词,那么询问天气的句式是“What’s the weather like today?(今天天气怎样?)”。所以答案为:What, weather

20. 原句意为“他喜欢这本书,她也是”。根据题目要求句意不变,那么我们可以说“他和她都喜欢这本书”。在英语中表达“两者都”可用Both…and …来表示。主语是并列主语,所以第三空为like。

21. so…that…句型是一个复合句,若that从句表示否定的,可用too…to结构改成一个简单句,但注意动词不定式的逻辑主语应在不定式前加for sb。故答案为:too, for, to

22. 被动语态的结构为be + vt. p. p. (及物动词的过去分词),原句时态为一般过去时,句子主语vegetables为复数,所以be用were,第二空用grow的过去分词grown。

 

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